Yekaterinburg is the fourth largest city in Russia (after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk). It is the administrative center of the Ural region. From 1924 to 1991 the city was known as Sverdlovsk. The city is home to about 1.4 million people. In Russian city name spelled as “Екатеринбург”.
Yekaterinburg is located in the central part of the Eurasian continent, on the eastern slopes of the Ural Mountains, on the banks of the «Iset" river. Distance from Yekaterinburg to Moscow is about 1670 kilometers.
In the Middle Urals (where the Yekaterinburg is located) Ural Mountains have a small height, so the region is suitable for the construction of roads that cross the mountain range. For this reason, Ekaterinburg became a major transportation hub, through which the road connecting Central Russia and Siberia, the European and Asian parts of the country. Through Ekaterinburg passes the Trans-Siberian Railway. The time zone, in which the city is located, has an offset of 2 hours and is denoted in Russia as MSK +2.
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The date of foundation of Yekaterinburg is November 7 1723. On this day began working plant, which was built on the orders of Emperor Peter I. The status of county town of the Perm province city received in 1781 by decree of Empress Catherine II. During the reign of Catherine II through Ekaterinburg was built the longest road of the Russian Empire - Great Siberian Route. Ekaterinburg was founded as an industrial center in the Ural region. Today Yekaterinburg is one of the largest financial, businesses, industrial, scientific and educational centers in Russia.
Ekaterinburg was founded by the decree of the first Russian Emperor - Peter the Great. In Yekaterinburg in July 1918, was shot last Russian Emperor Nicholas II and his family (at this point was built church “Church on the Spilled Blood”).
Yekaterinburg is located in a zone of moderate continental climate. The climate of the region is strongly influenced by the Ural Mountains. There may be sharp fluctuations in air temperature. Winter weather can change quickly from frost to thaw and rain, fluctuations from heat until frost is possible in the summer. The average January temperature is -12,6°C (minimum temperature of -46,7°C was recorded December 31, 1978), the average July temperature is +19°C (maximum temperature is +38,8°C was 1 July 1911).
Attractions & Places
Church on the Spilled Blood in Yekaterinburg
Church on the Spilled Blood (Church on Blood in Honor of All Saints Resplendent in the Russian Land) is the most famous church in Yekaterinburg. Church on the Spilled Blood was built in 2000 - 2003 years on the place of the “Ipatiev House” in Yekaterinburg, where Nicholas II (the last Emperor of Russia) and several members of his family and household were shot by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War. The building has five domes, 14 bells, 2 levels. The altar of the main church is directly over the site of the Romanovs' execution. On the territory of the lower church is located a museum dedicated to the last days of life of the Romanovs. The temple is a place of pilgrimage for the faithful. Address: Ekaterinburg, Tolmachev street 34A (Street of the Holy Quarter, 1). The nearest metro station is “Dinamo”.
The observation deck of business center “Vysotsky”
The observation deck is located on one of the tallest buildings in Yekaterinburg. The observation deck is located on the 52nd floor of the building, at an altitude of 187 meters. The cost of the site visit included radio guide. Children under 15 years only accompanied by adults. Visitors in a state alcoholic intoxication are not permitted. Address: Ekaterinburg, Malysheva street 51, business center “Vysotsky”. The nearest metro station: “Square of 1905 year”.
Weiner Street is one of the most famous streets of Yekaterinburg. Part of the street (from Lenin Street to Radishcheva street) is a pedestrian zone. This is a favorite place for walking among residents and tourists. There are a large number of shops and cafes, as well as original sculptures on the street.
Square of 1905 year
“Square of year 1905” considered as the main square of the city of Yekaterinburg. Square is one of the popular places for walks and meetings. On the square regularly hosts public events (festivals, concerts).
The obelisk on the border between Europe and Asia
There are several obelisks set on the border between Europe and Asia in the Sverdlovsk region. One of the obelisks set on the 17th kilometer of the highway Yekaterinburg - Pervouralsk. At the base of the obelisk laid two stones, one of which was brought from the westernmost point of Europe Cabo da Roca (Cape Roca), the other from the most eastern part of Asia (Dezhneva Cape).
Central Stadium of Yekaterinburg (Ekaterinburg Arena) is located to the west of the city center, between the Repin street, Pirogov street and Tatishchev street. The nearest metro station (Ulitsa 1905 goda) is located about 1.6 kilometers from the stadium. The Central Stadium can be reached by bus, trolleybus, tram or taxi.
Address: Repin Street, 5. The main entrance to the stadium is on Repin Street.
Ekaterinburg-Expo is one of the best centers for exhibitions and congresses in Russia. It is located approximately in the geographical center of Russia, which makes it convenient for holding all-Russian events. Ekaterinburg-Expo was put into operation in July 2011.
More information about Ekaterinburg-Expo.
Yekaterinburg is a major transportation hub in Russia. Through Yekaterinburg passes several federal highways and mainline railways. Yekaterinburg is a major international airport. The most important roads are federal highway M5 “Ural” and the Trans-Siberian railway. To get to Yekaterinburg is possible by car, by train or by plane.
The railway station
Yekaterinburg passenger railway station is one of the largest train stations in Russia. Station serves more than 115,000 passengers per day. Near the train station is located bus station. Nearest metro station: “Uralskaya”. From the railway station regularly go trains and buses to the airport.
The international airport in Yekaterinburg (Koltsovo Airport) is located in the south- eastern part of the city, approximately 20 kilometers away from the passenger station in the “Koltsovo” district of Yekaterinburg. The airport is in fifth place in terms of passenger traffic among airports in Russia (after Moscow and St. Petersburg airports). At the “Koltsovo” airport is also based military aircraft. You can get to the airport by an electric train from the railway station of Yekaterinburg (journey time approximately 40 minutes). The airport also has regular bus service from the railway station (route number 1).