Rome, Venice and Florence are the most visited by foreign tourists’ cities in Italy. There are many interesting for tourists’ places in Italy. Venice is the most famous city of Italy. It is a unique, one-of-a-kind city in the world. The majority of arriving in Italy tourists includes a trip to Venice in the plan of their journey.
Venice (Venezia) is located on the Adriatic (Mediterranean) sea, in the north-eastern part of Italy. The historic center of Venice is situated on 118 islands, which divide 150 canals (more accurate to call them the straits). There are about 400 bridges over the channels nowadays.
Some of the houses are built on piles directly in the sea. There are practically no streets in Venice; they are replaced by channels (the straits). The islands, on which was built Venice, are located on the territory of the “Venice lagoon”.
The Venice lagoon is a gulf of Adriatic Sea, separated from the sea by Lido and Pellestrina islands and the Cavallino peninsula. The distance from the historic part of Venice to the mainland is about 3.5 kilometers. The length of the historic part of Venice from east to west is about 4.5 kilometers, from north to south about 2.8 kilometers (excluding the Murano Island).
Which places to visit in Venice? Almost all the historic part of the city of Venice is one, great tourist attraction. Piazza San Marco is the main tourist center of the city. Certainly all the tourists in Venice come here. A boat trip along the Grand Canal also definitely needs to include in the travel program. It is necessary to take a stroll through the St. Mark's Square surrounding streets.
St. Mark's Square (Piazza San Marco) is the most well-known and most visited place in Venice. Square seems to consist of two parts: the main part of the square (Piazza) and the Piazzetta, a little square, which connects the square and Grand Canal.
There are located on St. Mark's Square: St. Mark's Basilica, the bell tower of St. Mark's Basilica, the Doge's Palace, Clock Tower, Columns of St. Mark and St. Theodore.
Doge's Palace (Palazzo Ducale) is located in the center of the city, on Piazza San Marco in Venice. The palace was built in the Venetian Gothic style and has two main facades: one overlooking the Piazza San Marco, the other overlooking the waterfront “Riva degli Schiavoni”. There is a museum in the palace now. According to statistics, palace was visited by about 1.36 million people in 2010.
St. Mark and St. Theodore columns. There are two columns located on the Piazzetta, near the waterfront. Bronze statue of a winged lion is located on the east tower (tower of St. Mark). A marble sculpture depicting St. Theodore is on the west tower. In the Middle Ages, criminals were executed on the square between the columns. Until now, the Venetians are trying not to pass between the columns (it is considered as a bad omen).
St. Mark's bell tower (Campanile di San Marco) is the tallest building in the square. The current bell tower was built (restored) at the beginning of the 20th century. The height of the bell tower is 98.6 meters.
Rialto Bridge (Ponte di Rialto) is the most famous bridge in Venice. The bridge was built in 1591 and until 1854 was the only bridge across the Grand Canal. The total bridge length is 48 meters; the length of the span (arch) 28 meters, width of the bridge is 22.1 meters.
Grand Canal (Canal Grande) is the most famous canal in Venice, one of the most important traffic arteries of the city. Canal divides the city into two parts. The largest number of palaces is located on the banks of the Grand Canal. Boat trip on the canal can be recommended to all tourists. Grand channel length is approximately 3800 meters. Channel width is from 30 to 90 meters and depth about 5 meters.
You can see the location of these and other places on the Venice map.
Venice Carnival, Venice Biennale and the Venice Film Festival are the the most well-known events in Venice.
What time of the year is the best to visit Venice? It may be a little cool weather in winter, and a bit too hot in the summer. It is believed that the worst time to visit Venice is in a flood and during the carnival. The fact is that there may be too many tourists in the days of the main events of the carnival in the city that you can not quietly to see the sights and take a walk around the city.
History of Venice begins after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Barbarian invasions forced lived in Italy people to seek a safe place to live. Islands of the Venetian lagoon began actively populate in the second half of the 6th century. There was not enough the place on the islands soon, and houses began to build on stilts, right on the water. In the VII century, the islands were united under the rule of a single ruler - the doge.
In the middle ages, Venice managed to conclude agreements with all surrounding it counties to ensure the independence of the city and freedom to trade. Venice was the most important mediator between East and West, between the Byzantine Empire and Western Europe. Venetian merchants were able to make good money on the trade. For a long time Venice was perhaps the most powerful country on the shores of the Mediterranean. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the power of Venice began to decrease gradually. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world now. Currently, the population Venice is 264 579 people (2014).
Venice is the largest pedestrian area in the world! Cars and buses have to stop in the western part of Venice, on the Tronchetto Island or on the Piazzale Roma square (near the train station). It is said that walking on foot is the best way to move around Venice. But quite often tourists also have to use public transport.
The main form of public transport in Venice is a water bus (vaporetti, water buses) and water taxis. Tickets for the water buses can be purchased at the office Hellovenezia, ticket machines in many other places in the city or on the quay at the company's staff.
Piazzale Roma square. A station for long-distance buses is located on the Piazzale Roma square. You can reach Marco Polo and Treviso airports from here by bus. The square is located at a distance approximately 300 meters from the railway station of Venice (across the Bridge of the Constitution).
If you come to Venice by car, you have to park your car in the parking area at the Piazzale Roma or Tronchetto. The alternative is to park your car on the mainland in Mestre and get to the historic center by bus, by train or by water bus.
Venice has rail links with major cities of Italy and Western Europe. Venice can be reached by train from Rome in 3.5 hours (intermediate station Florence), from Milan in 2.5 hours. Santa Lucia railway station (Venezia Santa Lucia railway station) is located in the western part of Venice. Railway trains and cars drive to Venice over the bridge “Ponte della Libertà”.
Marco Polo International Airport is the main airport of Venice. The airport is located about 8 kilometers to north of the city center, close to the Mestre district (mainland district of Venice). In 2015, the airport handled over 8,751 million passengers.
Treviso airport (Treviso-Sant Angelo Airport) is located at a distance about 20 kilometers from Venice, near the Treviso town. The airport serves aircraft of budget airlines.
It is possible to buy a ticket to Venice online.
There are a lot of hotels in Venice but nevertheless, places in hotels may not be enough. This is especially true in high season and during popular events (such as Carnival). This is due to the fact that hotels in Venice, as a rule, are small and with a small number of rooms, as well as because the fact that Venice is one of the most visited cities in Italy. Read more about accommodation in Venice.
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