Sochi is a city on Russia's Black Sea coast. Recently, the town became known worldwide as the venue for the Winter Olympic Games 2014. However, for the residents of Russia, Sochi always has been an important and famous city. Sochi is the largest resort city in Russia. Many Russian citizens want to come here during his vacation.
The city of Sochi is located on the Black Sea coast in a zone of subtropical climate. City has a total area of 3502 km ² (within the city area of 250 km ²). The population of Sochi is 334,300 people (2008). In terms of population among cities along the Black Sea, Sochi takes 2-nd place, behind only the city of Odessa. During the holiday season, the city's population multiplied by coming to the city vacationers.
Sochi (Sochi, Adler and Krasnaya Polyana) will host the Winter Olympic Games 2014.
Sochi - one of the most popular resorts on the Russian territory. Every year the city only during the summer season takes up to 5 million tourists. This is the only city in Russia with a subtropical climate. For convenience of tourists in the city and its environs have many hotels. Thanks to the Olympics the Russian government intends to attract foreign tourists to the city of Sochi. The warmest month of the year is August. The coldest month is January and February. Average monthly temperature in August in Sochi is 25-27 ° C. The average annual temperature of water in Sochi is 15, 7 ° C. Most cold water is in February and March (8,6 ° C), warmest in August (24,1 ° C). In August the water temperature can reach 29 ° C.
The bathing season in Sochi lasts usually from the third decade of May until mid-or late October.
You can get to Sochi by car, train or plane.
Geographic coordinates - 43 ° 35'07 "with. . 39 ° 43'13".
Population - 341.9 thousand people. (2010)
The average annual temperature - +14.2 ° C
Average temperature in January - +5.7 ° C
The average temperature in July - +23,3 ° C
Based on archaeological excavations, it is assumed that the first people penetrated into the vicinity of Sochi about 400 - 350 thousand years ago.
Greek colonization of the Black Sea coast began at about VI-V centuries. BC. er. with the emergence of city states and lasted until about I at. BC. er.
Around the end of the XVI century, the Black Sea coast falls into the sphere of geopolitical interests of the Ottoman Empire and Russia. As a result, the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829 to the Russian Empire formally leaves the modern district of Sochi. In fact, Russia was controlled only part of the coastal zone.
The city of Sochi was founded in 1838 as Fort Alexander.
In 1917, Sochi was awarded the status of the city.
The location of these attractions and other interesting places you can see on the map of Sochi.
Oceanarium "Sochi Discovery World Aquarium" is the largest oceanarium in Russia. The total area of the oceanarium is about 6,000 square meters. Here are 30 tanks with a total volume of 5 million liters of water. In aquariums contains about 4 thousands of fish (more than 200 species of marine and freshwater fish).
Address: Russia, Sochi, Adler district, Lenin Street 219a / 4.
"Riviera" park is most popular park in the city of Sochi. The park is located in the central part of the city on the right bank of Sochi River, near the sea shore. The park has a large number of trees of different species, several ponds, cafes and entertainment facilities for the public.
Address: Sochi, Egorova street, 1.
Arboretum in Sochi collected flora of the Caucasus and many other countries. Its total area is more than 49 hectares. There are about 1,600 species of plants in the park. On the territory of the arboretum is also a 150 cubic meters saltwater aquarium. You can see the various inhabitants of the Black Sea in the aquarium.
Address: Sochi, Kurortny Prospect , 74.
Dolphinarium is located in Adler city. Dolphin pool has a diameter of 2 meters and a depth of 6 meters. Dolphinarium hosts performances of dolphins and other marine mammals.
Adler, Lenin str. 219.
The aquarium - terrarium in Sochi presented more than 200 species of fish, birds, reptiles and amphibians (lizards, snakes, crocodiles). The total area is approximately 340 m2.
At Mount Big Ahune near Sochi there is a lookout tower. The tower offers a view of the Black Sea and the Caucasus Mountains. Tower height of 30.5 m
Sea Port of Sochi has two passenger berths with a total length of 330 meters. Seaport can take passenger ships, ferries and cargo ships. Address: Sochi, street Voykova 1.
Sochi (together with the village of Krasnaya Polyana, located 39 kilometers from Sochi) held Winter Olympic Games in 2014. The ski resort of Krasnaya Polyana was opened in 2007 and will have to take sports outdoors (skiing, downhill skiing, bobsled, etc.). At the same time in Sochi will host indoor (hockey, figure skating, skating, etc.). A large number of hotels and political support - the main argument, which gave the city an advantage over other candidates. Sochi will become the first city with a subtropical climate, which will be held the Winter Olympic Games.
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