Too many tourists it can be bad (for local people). Madrid plans to limit the possibility of renting out accommodation for tourists in the city center (for example, through the Airbnb service). Similar restrictions are planned to introduce other cities (Berlin, Valencia, Palma de Mallorca). Residents of the Finnish cities of Imatra and Lappeenranta expressed their dissatisfaction with too many tourists. Venetians carried out actions against cruise ships. In Barcelona, residents also held protests against tourists.
Why the local residents are dissatisfied? A large number of tourists creates an uncomfortable environment for citizens. For example, it is sometimes difficult to find a free place in a cafe during the peak of the tourist season. In addition, tourists do not always behave properly way (according to local residents), can make noise (including at night) and be drunk in public places.
Another problem is the rise in prices for rental apartments. Renting apartments to tourists in the city center for short-term rent is usually beneficial for owners. This leads to the fact that local residents can not rent an apartment at an affordable price for them in some cities.
Many cities in Europe have already introduced or are thinking about imposing restrictions on tourists. Amsterdam has already banned beer bikes and new tourist shops in the historic center of the city. Venice temporaly closed access to tourists in some areas of the city. The Greek island of Santorini also limits the number of cruise passengers this year. The most popular measure now is the introduction of prohibitions (or restrictions) on the rental of apartments through the services of flats online booking. (Most often mean AirBnb, although there are others - Homeaway and BookingCom.)
Approximately 1.3 billion tourist trips were made in 2017 in the world. Half of the tourists traveled to Europe. More than two thirds of international tourists were visited the 20 most popular countries. These tourists also visit only some places in popular cities. At the same time, there are a lot of places in the world that can be interesting to tourists.
There is an opinion that tourist flows need to be redistributed (to control tourist flows), so that there is not too much congestion in the same places. (Both within the city and around the world.)
It is planned to apply different methods for managing flows (taxation, demarketing, restriction of placement, prohibition of access to certain places).
One of the simplest solutions is the restriction on renting a home through popular online services, such as Airbnb. The administrations of some cities have already adopted (and plan to adopt) laws that impede or prohibit such activities. According to information from the Internet, such intentions already exist in Berlin, Valencia, Madrid, Palma de Mallorca.
We all love to travel. But why do the people of those cities that we visit need tourists? Only for one reason. For money. Tourists bring their money with them. There is no need to organize the export of goods. Buyers come by themselves.
But not all tourists are ready to spend a lot of money. Many are forced to save. Therefore, it seems logical to another direction in the development of the tourism industry: to limit the arrival of poor tourists and to greet the rich (to which I, unfortunately, do not belong). Unfortunately, some regions already operate in accordance with this principle.
In any case, the tourism industry likely significant changes in the coming years.