Kazan is one largest city in Russia, the capital of the Republic of Tatarstan. Population of Kazan is about 1.17 million people. This is an important administrative, cultural, sports and tourist center of Russia. The Kazan Kremlin is included the UNESCO World Heritage Site list.
Kazan is situated on the left bank of the Volga River, a distance of about 820 kilometers from Moscow. The length of the city from north to south is about 29 kilometers and from east to west - 31 km. The largest river in Russia “Volga” has a coastline in the city territory about 15 kilometers long.
The main attraction of the city is the Kazan Kremlin. Attention visiting the city tourists also attract Kazan circus, Kazan equestrian center, the ski complex “Kazan”, a water park and a hotel “Riviera”. In order to attract more tourists authorities are promoting the Kazan city on tourism market under the brand name “Third capital of Russia”.
When was the city of Kazan founded? It is believed that the city originated around the year 1000 AD. Perhaps, the city emerged much later. There isn’t reliable information about the time of the Kazan foundation. The first written mention about the town at the confluence of the Volga River and Kazanka River refers to 1391.
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Kazan was founded as a border fortress in the north of the Volga Bulgar country. In 1438 the fort was captured by the Khan of the Golden Horde Ulu Muhamed, the city became the capital of the Kazan Khanate. In 1552, Kazan was captured by the troops of the Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible. By order of “Tsar Ivan the Terrible” wooden walls of the fortress began to be replaced by stone. In the construction of the Kazan Kremlin were attended craftsmen who built the famous St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow.
Kazan is one of the largest transport and logistics hubs of Russia. The town is crossed by the federal highway M7 “Volga” (Moscow - Vladimir - Nizhny Novgorod - Kazan - Ufa). Through Kazan also passes the Gorky Railway. Kazan International Airport is one of the largest airports in Russia.
International airport “Kazan” is located at a distance 28 kilometers to the south-east of the city. The airport serves more than one million passengers a year. The airport has 3 terminals.
You can get to the airport by train or by bus. Trains (aeroexpress train) to the airport leave from the train station in the city center (journey time approximately 20 minutes).
Bus route number 97 follows the route: Sakharov Street, “Prospekt Pobedy” street (metro station “Prospect Pobedy”), RCH (bus station "South"), airport “Kazan”. Travel time from the last stop about 1 hour and 30 minutes.
The river port
Kazan River port is one of the largest ports on the Volga River. Kazan river port located at 1310 km of the river Volga, on the left bank of the river. The river port is connected to the Baltic, White, Caspian, Azov and Black Seas through the “United deep waterways system” (the system of rivers, lakes and canals) of the European part of Russia.
Kazan river port has several buildings, located on the banks of the Volga at the beginning of the Devyataeva street. Port Station serves passengers of cruise ships and passengers of scheduled flights river vessels. During the summer, the port operates up to 6,000 people a day.
The Kazan Kremlin is the main attraction of the city. The Kremlin is the oldest part of the city, surrounded by walls and towers. The Kazan Kremlin is located at the confluence of the Kazanka River in Volga. On the Kremlin territory are located monuments of architecture, built in different years. The total area of the Kremlin is 150000 square meters. Some of the facilities located on the territory of the Kremlin in Kazan: Palace Church, Governor's Palace, Kazan, Kul-Sharif Mosque, Annunciation Cathedral, the Museum of Islamic culture, the Museum of Natural History, the “Museum of the statehood of the Republic of Tatarstan and the Tatar people”, the Centre “Hermitage –Kazan” (Branch of state Hermitage Museum of St. Petersburg), the National Art Gallery “Khazine”.