In the northwest of Russia there are several old fortresses, which would certainly be interesting to visit for lovers of history, travel and beautiful photos. Here you will find photos, descriptions and useful links.
The Novgorod Kremlin (Novgorodsky Detinets) is the citadel of Veliky Novgorod. It stands on the left bank of the Volkhov River about two miles north of where it empties out of Lake Ilmen. It is the historical center of the city. The first mention of it in chronicles dates back to 1044. It is a large, beautiful fortress. The entrance to the territory is free.
Distance from St. Petersburg is about 180 kilometers.
Pskov Kremlin (Krom) is an ancient citadel in Pskov, Russia. It is located at the junction of the Velikaya River and smaller Pskova river. The Pskov Kremlin was built in the late 11th - early 12th centuries. I recommend to visit the Trinity Cathedral, which is located on the territory of the Kremlin. Distance from the ring road of St. Petersburg is about 280 kilometers. The entrance to the fortress territory is free.
Izborsk fortress is located in the Pskov region, at a distance of about 30 kilometers from Pskov City. The fortress was built in 1330. The walls and towers of the fortress have been well preserved to this day. It is convenient to combine a visit to the fortress with a trip to the Pskov-Pechora monastery.
The Korela fortress is located in the city of Priozersk, Leningrad Region. It was first mentioned in a Novgorodian chronicle of 1143 as Korela. The premises of the fortress are at the disposal of the Korela Fortress Museum. The entrance to the territory of the fortress is paid. Distance from the ring road of St. Petersburg is about 120 kilometers.
I recommend visiting if you decide to make a trip around Lake Ladoga.
Old Ladoga fortress
Staraya Ladoga (Old Ladoga) is a village, located on the Volkhov River near Lake Ladoga, 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) north of the town of Volkhov. The first fortress on this place was founded by Varangian leader Rurik Rurik in 862. During the reign of Oleg of Novgorod (at the turn of the 9th-10th centuries), a stone fortress was built instead of wooden fortifications. The modern building is probably very different from those buildings. (The entrance to the territory of the fortress is paid.) Distance from St. Petersburg is about 120 kilometers.
The Vyborg castle is very different from the fortresses mentioned above. This is a medieval, knight's castle that was built by the Swedes, a monument of medieval Western European architecture. This castle is located in northwest Russia, near the Finnish border. We recommend you visit if you are traveling from Helsinki to St. Petersburg by car (bus or train).
Distance from St. Petersburg is about 120 kilometers.
To attract tourists, these fortresses sometimes organize various events on their territory: festivals, concerts, holidays.