Turkey

fllag  of  Turkey Turkey is a very popular tourist destination. More than 37 million foreign visitors arrived in Turkey in 2013. Turkey ranked as the 6th most popular tourism destination in the world. Tourism contributed $27.9 billion to Turkey's revenues. Turkey has been chosen third in the world in 2014 with its 397 blue-flagged beaches, according to the Chamber of Shipping.

Turkey smaller part is located in Southeastern Europe and its larger part in Western Asia. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest, Greece to the west, Georgia to the northeast, Armenia, Iran, Azerbaijani, Iraq and Syria to the southeast.
The Mediterranean Sea is located to the south of Turkey. There are most popular resorts located on the Mediterranian coast. Turkey also bordered by the Aegean Sea to the west, and the Black Sea to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles straits are located in the western part of Turkey and separate Europe and Asia.

Turkey is one of the safest holiday destinations in Europe. But in any case need to be careful with your personal possessions when travelling like in any country.

Tourism in Turkey

What attracts people in Turkey? It is a warm Mediterranean climate, warm sea, large number of historical attractions, safety, good service and low prices. These features appreciate all travel fans all over the world and it attracts a large number of tourists to Turkey.

Turkey's tourist facilities are concentrated mainly near the archeological and historical sites and resorts of Aegean and Mediterranean seas. Most tourists prefer to spend holidays in comfortable hotels. There are also campsites for people who are not seeking extra comfort in Turkey.

Turkey is popular summer holiday destination for tourist of many European countries. In 2012, 15% of the tourists arrived from Germany, 11% from Russia, 8% from the United Kingdom.

Most beach resorts are located along the southwestern and southern coast, called the “Turkish Riviera”. Very popular is the Mediterranean coast near Antalya city. Antalya is often called as the tourism capital of Turkey. Major resort towns are also Bodrum, Fethiye, Marmaris, Kuşadası, Çeşme, Didim and Alanya.

Turkey is very interesting country for history lovers. Anatolia, the Asian portion of Turkey, is the birthplace of many history and legends figures, such as the poet Homer, King Midas, Herodotus (philosopher) and Saint Paul.
Two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were located in Turkey: the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus in Bodrum. The oldest known human settlement in the world (dating to 6500 B.C.) is located in Catalhöyük. The world’s first landscape painting was found on the wall of a Catalhöyük house, illustrating the volcanic eruption of nearby Hasandag.
Turkey has 13 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Cultural attractions include the sites of Ephesus, Troy, Pergamon, House of the Virgin Mary, Pamukkale, Hierapolis, Trabzon, and the ruined cities and landscapes of Cappadocia.

Turkey's largest city, Istanbul is one of the most famous cities in the world. There are many attractions, hotels, cafes in the city. Istanbul attracts both vacationers and visiting professionals. There are many major attractions derived from its historical status as capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. These include the Sultan Ahmed Mosque (the “Blue Mosque”), the Hagia Sophia, the Topkapı Palace, the Basilica Cistern, the Dolmabahçe Palace, the Galata Tower, the Grand Bazaar. Istanbul is also very popular place for shopping.

Useful information about Turkey

Official language: Turkish.
Capital - Ankara.
Largest cities: Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Bursa.
Government: Parliamentary republic.
Area: 780 000 km2.
Population (2013): 76677864.
Currency: Turkish Lira.
The Internet domain: Tr.
How to call: +90.

  • The local currency in Turkey is the Turkish Lira (TL). It is available in the denominations: banknotes: 5, 10, 20, 50 &100 TL; coins: 10, 25 & 50 kuruş and 1 TL.
  • The electricity voltage in Turkey is 220V; 50Hz. Wall sockets in Turkey take two-pin plugs. You will need an adaptor if your appliances use three-pin plugs.
  • Driving in Turkey is on the right-hand side (as in continental Europe). All visitors may drive with an international driving license. Tourists should have a copy of license, passport and insurance documents, while using a car at all times. All of the major international car rental companies have offices at airports and all major centers.
  • Use common sense when deciding what to wear. Bikini, shorts and short dresses are suitable if staying on a beach. Change clothing when going into town to shop or eat. For walking in the city suitable clothing is comfortable shoes and casual trousers (a dress).
  • When visiting mosques you should take off your shoes at the entrance and ladies should cover their hair; often scarves are provided on the way in. Both sexes should dress modestly with no shorts and arms and shoulders covered during visits to mosques.

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